Firewise is a cooperative effort among local, state, federal and private agencies and organizations to promote fire safety in the wildland/urban interface. Firefighters do not have the resources to defend every home during a wildfire. When adequately prepared, a house can withstand a wildland fire without the intervention of the fire service. In fact, a house and its surrounding community can be both Firewise and compatible with the area's ecosystem. The Firewise Communities/USA program enables communities in all parts of the United States to achieve a high level of protection against wildland/urban interface fire as well as sustainable ecosystem balance. Firewise Communities/USA program provides residents of the wildland/urban interface with the knowledge and skill necessary to make it happen.
Firewise Communites/USA is a unique opportunity available to America's fire prone communities. Its goal is to encourage and acknowledge action that minimizes home loss do to wildfire. It teaches you to prepare for a fire before it occurs. The program adapts especially well to small communities, developments and residential home associations of all types.
Firewise Communities/USA is sponsored by the National Wildlfire Coordinating Group.
How to become an Alaskan Firewise Community
Determine if the community is at risk
Becoming recognized as a Firewise Community/USA begins with the community itself. A community representative can either complete an on-line form on the Firewise Communities/USA web site, http://www.firewise.org/usa or contact the current Firewise Communities Liaison, Arlene Weber-Sword, at 907-269-8471 or e-mail Arlene Weber-Sword
The community needs to enlist a wildland/urban interface (WUI) specialist to complete a community assessment and assist in creating a plan (Community Wildfire Protection Plan) that identifies agreed-upon achievable solutions to be implemented by the community. The visit is coordinated with local fire officials. You can contact Arlene Weber-Sword, you're nearest Alaska Division of Forestry Office, borough or municipality wildfire mitigation office to arrange for a specialist to conduct the assessment.
Organize a Firewise Board
If it is determined the community has homes in the wildland/urban interface that are considered at risk, community representatives will create a multi-discipline Firewise Board, Firewise Task Force or Commission that should include homeowners, fire professionals and/or members of other interest groups such as planners, land managers, and urban foresters.
Develop a Community Wildfire Protection Plan
Upon completion of the site assessment and evaluation of the community's readiness to withstand a WUI fire, the WUI specialist schedules a meeting with the local Firewise board. The assessment and evaluation are presented for review and acceptance. If the site assessment and evaluation are acceptable, the Firewise board will use them as a basis for developing a Community Wildfire Protection Plan that contains agreed-upon, area-specific solutions to its wildfire issues. Board members should be informed that developing a Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP) can be a six month process.
Sponsor an event
The Community Wildfire Protection Plan contains specific action items that can be implemented by homeowners with assistance from fire staff or other sources. When they are executed, they are called "Firewise Days." A Firewise Day must be held each year in order to maintain recognition status. Firewise Days can include chipping days, public awareness events, brush cleanup and so forth.
Invest a minimum of $2/capita
Firewise Communities are able to quantify their concern about the wildfire issue. To this end, they are willing to invest $2/capita in Firewise projects each year. This means that in a community of 200 residents, $400 will be invested in projects named in the plan prepared by the Firewise board. Volunteer hours, use of equipment, and time spent by agency fire staff can be included in this figure, as can state or federal grant dollars.
Certification as a Firewise Community/USA
Firewise Communities/USA recognition status is achieved when the community has completed and signed Community Wildfire Protection Plan and after the community has completed one Firewise project. At that time, a Board member can download the Firewise Communities/USA application form from the program's web site, http://www.firewise.org/usa. The completed application is to be submitted to the Alaska Firewise Community Liaison. Upon certification by the Alaska State Forester, the Firewise Communities Liaison forwards the completed application to the national Firewise program office. A special ceremony will be held in the community after certification as a Firewise Community/USA with all agencies and organizations involved in the process.
A permanent Firewise board is created that will maintain the program into the future. A mitigation project (reduction of risks to homes) must be completed during the year for recertification. Recognition renewal must be completed by December 31 each year. Recognized communities submit documentation indicating continued community participation to the Firewise Community Liaison. Renewal forms are downloadable at http://www.firewise.org/usa.
Current Alaskan Firewise Communities
The community of Horseshoe Lake was recognized as a Firewise Community June 15, 2006 on the 10th anniversary of the Miller's Reach fire. Horseshoe Lake is now in its sixth year of Firewise Community recognition. In addition Cathi Kramer, the community ’spark plug’, received national recognition for her local efforts to reduce wildfire loss. Congratulations to Cathi!
Horseshoe Lake is a residential community of 246 properties with 157 homes and other structures. The community is located within the larger, unincorporated community of Big Lake, Alaska. The area began attracting recreational development in the form of small cabins in the 1950s. The Horseshoe Lake community was heavily impacted by 1996 Miller's Reach fire with many residents losing their homes and surrounding forest to wildland fire. What was once a scattering of homes nestled among spruce forest at the edges of the lake has become a community of modern, re-built homes standing proud among the regenerating wildlands. The community publishes a local directory which includes the locations of fire pumps, hose, and homeowner firefighting tools and capabilities. They meet on regular basis to discuss common interests. Primary among those shared concerns is wildfire protection.
The community held its very first "Firewise Day" event during the week of May 1-7, 2006 by cleaning up brush and trash in and around homes and distributing Firewise materials. On June 15th 2006 in conjunction with the recognition ceremony, a Community Education Day was held which encouraged community members to participate in the Firewise Program to protect themselves and their neighbors. Since then the community has held Firewise Days every year and engaged residents, young and old alike, in reducing wildfire risk.
For more information on the Horseshoe Lake Firewise Community and their activities, including annual Firewise Days please visit their web site at http://hsfirewise.org/index.php
Cohoe is located on the Kenai Peninsula, where the spread of the spruce bark beetle has continued for more that a decade. This infestation is considered the largest in North America and has impacted 1.1 million acres of the Kenai Peninsula as of 2004. Cohoe was originally an agricultural settlement where a post office was established in 1950.
Cohoe's Firewise Board was established June 4, 2006. A community assessment was conducted in the later part of June. A Firewise Community Clean Up Day was held on September 23, 2006. After a Firewise discussion lead by the Division of Forestry, participants watched a Firewise video featuring Jack Cohen's research and findings. Attendees then broke out into two groups, one to do home assessments and another to haul slash to a community disposal site.
Cohoe Firewise committee members, led by Leif and Judy Jenkinson spent many hours talking with neighbors about Firewise. They gathered names of property owners who were interested in home risk ratings, exchange of fire wood, and riding their property of accumulated slash piles. Because of their efforts and those of other committee members Cohoe received their Firewise Community recognition in January, 2007.
Cohoe is now in the process of renewing their Firewise Communities recognition for the fifth consecutive year. The community holds and annual a ‘trunk or treat’ day on 10/31 at the community slash disposal site. Firewise information is distributed and more than 200 people attended the event.